Today's chat on employment tax forms is really just a compilation of notes and tips I've gathered from reading various newsletters. I hope you find it helpful.
✔ Employee Payroll Taxes
✔ FICA & FUTA Rates
✔ Business Travel Allowances
✔ and more
✔ Payroll Tax Deposits
✔ Forms 940 & 941
✔ Correcting Form 941
✔ Notice 4520
✔ FUTA Credit Reductions
✔ Employment Forms
✔ W2, W3, W4
✔ Form 1-9
✔ New Hire Paperwork
✔ Independent Contractor Rules
✔ Forms W9, 1096, 945, 1099-MISC
Wondering what an information return is? According to the law dictionary at law.yourdictionary.com, it is "a tax return intended to communicate information about the taxpayer’s activities or status to the Internal Revenue Service, but upon which no tax is due". It's a fancy way of saying it provides tax information but does not compute tax due.
You can find a pdf of the current year W4 Employee's Withholding Allowance Certificate to download and print at irs.gov/pub/irs-pdf/fw4.pdf . This form is to be completed by each employee so that you withhold the correct amount of federal income tax.
The IRS has a withholding calculator that employees can use to help fill out the W4 ... especially if:
This useful tool can be found on the IRS website by searching for "withholding calculator".
Here's a note of caution to small business owners handling their own employee payroll taxes. I never realized how lucky we are in Canada that our federal, provincial and territorial Finance Ministers work together to reduce duplication of paperwork.
In the U.S. I was reading that it cannot be assumed that the Form W-4 can be used for state income tax withholding purposes. Ernst & Young's April 2011 Newsletter Payroll Perspectives explains that "many states do not accept the federal Form W-4, instead requiring that a state-specific form be used".
It went on to explain that state income tax withholding rules do not always mirror federal rules. This means many small businesses over or under withhold if they use the federal Form W-4.
You pay enough in employee payroll taxes. It would be prudent to determine what form you need for your state withholding taxes.
A quick glance through E&Y's list showed that Colorado, Delaware, Idaho, Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, North Dakota, South Carolina, and Utah do not have their own form so you may use the federal Form W-4. Pennsylvania has no equivalent.
As this could change at any time, it is always a good thing to double check with your state.
In the SSA/IRS Reporter Summer 2011 edition, an article by the APA was published titled Get New Hire Paperwork Done Right the First Time. The purpose of the article was to give direction to small business owners to avoid potential problems.
Employers must report all new hires. On June 11, 2011, the "first day of work" law went into effect. Employers are now required to report the date an employee first performs services for pay ... in addition to the other information requirements, which are:
You must report new hires no later than 20 days after the date the employer hires the employee.
Here is a quick overview of the steps you need to take and employment tax forms you need to complete when you hire a new employee:
US Code reference: 42 USC 653a(b)(1)(A) The Public Health and Welfare - State Directory of New Hires "(b) Employer information (1) Reporting requirement (A) In general Except as provided in subparagraphs (B) and (C), each employer shall furnish to the Directory of New Hires of the State in which a newly hired employee works, a report that contains the name, address, and social security number of the employee, and the name and address of, and identifying number assigned under section 6109 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to, the employer."
The W3 Transmittal of Wage and Tax Statements is a summary of all the W2s submitted to Social Security Administration (SSA).
SSA ... not IRS ... must receive their copies of all the W2s along with the W3 summary by February 28 each year. NEW IN 2017, the due date is moving to January 31.
The W3 amounts should match the total of your 4 quarterly amounts reported on Form 941 during the year.
Click here to find IRS General Instructions for Form W-3. This web page has links and instructions for the forms; box by box. Make sure you check out the first section called "What's New" to come up to speed about changes you need to be aware of.
If for some reason the link doesn't work ... because they've updated it or renamed it ... at the time of this writing, the location was: IRS website> IRS Resources> Instructions.
If you file electronically, the due date is on month later - March 31, each year. Electronic fill-in versions of the W2 and W3 forms are available at socialsecurity.gov/employer/bsohbnew.htm .
A W2 Wage and Tax Statement is a summary of the wages and withholdings taken for each employee employed during the year. Employees must receive their W2 by January 31each year.
Employee Payroll Tax Slip Preparation Tip
Before you prepare your W2s, verify online that each name matches the SSN at Social Security Number Verification Service (SSNVS) at www.socialsecurity.gov/employer/ssnv.htm.
When preparing your W-2 employment tax forms, it is important to remember that for the purpose of tax filing deadlines, income is reported in the year it was paid not when the income was earned.
Do NOT confuse this tax rule with GAAP reporting where you accrue unpaid but earned wage income in the year the wage was earned. This timing difference may require you book an yearend adjusting entry.
Click here to find IRS General Instructions for Forms W-2. This web page has links and instructions for the forms; box by box. Make sure you check out the first section called "What's New" to come up to speed about changes you need to be aware of.
If for some reason the link doesn't work ... because they've updated it or renamed it ... at the time of this writing, the location for this employment tax form was: IRS website> IRS Resources> Instructions.
While electronically delivered employee statements may use a truncated taxpayer identification number (TTIN) ... where the first five digits are replaced with an "x" or "*" to help fight identity theft ... it is NOT allowed on W-2s. JOA reported that Sec 6051(a)(2) requires that form, when furnished to employees, to show the name of the employee “and his social security account number.”
*The IRS has prohibited efile providers (tax preparers) from electronically filing tax returns before it receives all W-2, W2G and 1099-R forms.
You can find information on employment tax forms 940 and 941 payroll tax deposits on the Employee Payroll Taxes page.
This concludes the chat on employment tax forms.