Depreciation of a New Building
What is the depreciation rate for a new building?
The organization that I work for, just started operating their new building in September 2015. There are still small expenses to purchase standing lamp, small appliances, etc.
My question is: when I should start depreciate the Fixed assets-building?
Up to now, for Other Fixed Assets such as Equipment, Furniture, etc. we use 50% of the depreciation rate for NEW fixed assets.
For this new building, should we use 50% too? or we can use pro-rate starting Sep-Dec.2015?
Thank you in advance.
Maria, you need to understand what depreciation is. You are booking the amount "used up" over a particular period which is generally a month, a quarter or a year. To do this you need to estimate how long the asset will last and expense the "used up" portion each period. Is the new building so poorly built that you expect it to only last two years. Are the furniture and equipment purchased by the company of such poor quality that they only last two years and then are disposed of?
The company's owner and the accountant should make this determination when year-end procedures are performed. This is not your call to make. However, as a general guide, take a look at CCA rates
for buildings. Keep in mind that CCA is for tax purposes and is not GAAP.
CCA Class 1 is for buildings bought after 1987. The rate is 4% but there are exceptions. Another possibility is CCA Class 6 with a 6% depreciation rate.
(In New Zealand, I
believe buildings with 50 year plus life expectancy are depreciated at 0%.)
Furniture and equipment over $500 are classified under CCA class 8 with a depreciation rate of 20%.
CCA Class 12 is usually the guide for purchases under $500. It has a 100% CCA rate and the half year rule doesn't apply. However if it was applied, 50% would be depreciated in the first year. I think this is where your 50% rate is coming from. Aggregate purchases
must be considered before expensing items under $500.Depreciation is more complex than it appears
as decisions made about the appropriate rate affect the financial statements. The business owner and the company accountant should be making all decisions on how assets are depreciated. Please speak with either of them before you do anything. Junior bookkeepers should NEVER be expected to make the decisions around adjusting entries and year-end procedures.Bookkeepers need to understand
that when they make an error due to lack of knowledge, it could have long lasting financial implications for the owner of the company. I have even seen a business go under once an audit brought all the bookkeping problems to the forefront.Business owners need to understand
that while they can delegate responsibility, they cannot abdicate responsibility. When you sign your name to an income tax return
, "you are accepting the burden that everything has been reported accurately and legally within the framework of tax law in Canada", no matter who did the work. With delegation also comes oversight responsibilities.